B−Quik Car Knowledges

Battery

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What is a Battery?

Battery is a tool that provides storage for and distributes electric current, and comes in a rectangular shape. The chemical reaction within the toolbox itself generates electrical energy and, therefore, is the center of all electrical power of the car. Battery provides electrical current to the car’s ignition, in order to start the engine when the ignition is turned on. The electrical power of the car, therefore, comes from the alternator, except for the operations of other components such as windshield wipers, headlights and light signals, to which the battery directly sends out electrical current. Once the battery is completely and correctly installed, and some of the electrical power in the battery has been consumed, such power will automatically be regenerated by the alternator while the engine is running.

Components of a Battery

What is a Battery? Pole Negative Plate Separator & Glass Mat Positive Plate Vent Plug Container 2 & Lid Terminal Pole

Functions of the Battery

It is the source and generator of electrical power that sends out electrical current to starter and ignition, in order for the engine to start rotating, and hence, start the car. It is the source of energy for other electrical systems of the car, whenever they need additional energy beyond that normally generated by the car’s electrical system. It maintains and stabilizes the level of electricity.

Types of Battery

Standard Battery: Simply add electrolyte when charging the battery for the first time. Then regular care in maintaining the water level is needed thereafter. Free Maintenance Battery: This type of battery is widely known as ‘Dry Battery’ as electrolyte has already been added and the battery pre-charged from the manufacturer. Before installation, however, negative and positive plates must be triggered through a 5-10-minute of charging. There is no need to pay attention to the water level in the first 6 months of usage, but thereafter, the water level should be checked every 3 months. This type of battery comes equipped with water vaporizing protection system, and therefore, water-vaporizing rate of the battery is very

Factors that Cause Battery Deterioration

Under Charging The signs are as follows: - white stain is formed on the plates, making it difficult to charge the electricity - Plates will also erode Over Charging The signs are as follows: - A large amount of distilled water transforms into gas, causing the level to distilled water to drop significantly - Temperature rises, causing plates to deteriorate - Erosion of lead powder as a result of plate deterioration - Erosion of lead powder as a result of plate deterioration - Battery life is shortened Short Circuit The signs are as follows: - Too much sediment left at the bottom of the battery box - The separator between positive and negative plates may be broken into pieces or deteriorate Problem with the Electrical System The signs are as follows: - Installation of additional systems such as stereo system, theft prevention system and other accessories, which may cause insufficient amount of electricity - Changes in the battery size - Short circuit of several electric switches in the car - The alternator is not working efficiently Impurity in the battery box The signs are as follows: - Quality of electrolyte is not up to standard - Distilled water is not pure enough - Coolant has been added Sulfation White sulfuric stain on the plates appears as a result of: - The battery is being abandoned for a long time - Under charging - Plate emerges above electrolyte level

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