This is the original suspension system, mostly found in rear-wheel-drive vehicles, with an axle shaft that connects the differentials directly to the left and right wheels, without passing through the universal joint. As such, around the differentials, as well as both left and right drive shafts, there are springs and shock absorbers to absorb the bumps and vibrations from the road. For example, when the left wheels feel the vibration, the same degree of vibration will be reflected onto the wheels on the other side of the car as well.
This is the system that has been developed to separate the roles and responsibility in weight support and shock absorbing between the left and right wheels. When a wheel trips over a hole or bumps into an obstruction, the vibration will be felt and absorbed almost completely by that one wheel. The degree of vibration sent to the coachwork and other related car components will be as little as possible, for the purpose of ultimate driving comfort.
There are 2 main components to the system: the spring and the shock absorber that work together in harmony. The spring is responsible to support the weight of the car from the top, and also absorb shocks, support vibrations and any bouncing movements made by the axle housing, by turning them into vibrating waves. The shock absorbers’ role is to act as a hindrance or reduction of shocks and vibrations, with the spring absorbing the bouncing movements of the axle housing. This system uses the stickiness of liquid to resist the bounciness of the suspension system’s spring. As a result, it supports the weight of the car, engine, passengers as well as all of the items stored in the car. Not to mention its ability to absorb shocks produced by the road conditions, and to assist the driver in effectively taking control of every change in directions on any road conditions with any speed. The most important components in the suspension system are spring and shock absorber. Types of Suspension - Rigid Suspension - Independent Suspension
The shock absorbing system is installed between the upper coachwork and lower wheel axle housing, with the main intention to: - Absorb shocks and support the weight of the car - Support the bouncing movements of the wheels - Effectively maintain the balance of wheels while driving - Maintain the condition of contact between the tyres and the road surface, as well as the level of the vehicle above the surface of the road - Provide flexibility and control when making turns - Absorb and support vertical and horizontal forces as well as the level and range of the tyres